The States and Fates of Javascript

(written by lawrence krubner, however indented passages are often quotes). You can contact lawrence at: lawrence@krubner.com

Interesting resource regarding Javascript Promises:

States

Promises have three possible mutually exclusive states: fulfilled, rejected, and pending.

A promise is fulfilled if promise.then(f) will call f “as soon as possible.”

A promise is rejected if promise.then(undefined, r) will call r “as soon as possible.”

A promise is pending if it is neither fulfilled nor rejected.

We say that a promise is settled if it is not pending, i.e. if it is either fulfilled or rejected. Being settled is not a state, just a linguistic convenience.

Source